瀛︽牎绠€浠?/span>
涓浗姘戠敤鑸┖椋炶瀛﹂櫌瀛﹂櫌绠€浠?
鏉ユ簮锛?span id="info_source">涓浗姘戠敤鑸┖椋炶瀛﹂櫌 鍙戝竷浜猴細绯荤粺绠$悊鍛?/span> 鐐瑰嚮鏁帮細 鍙戣〃鏃堕棿锛?span id="info_released_dtime">2008-06-15 08:59:51
瀛楀彿锛? 灏?/span> 涓?/span> 澶?/span> [鍙屽嚮婊氬睆]

鍘嗗彶娌块潻锛?/strong>

瀛︽牎鐩村睘涓浗姘戠敤鑸┖灞€锛屽叾鍓嶈韩鏄?/span>1956骞?/span>5鏈堬紝缁忓懆鎭╂潵鎬荤悊鎵瑰噯鎴愮珛锛岀敱姣涙辰涓滀富甯换鍛藉啗鏀块瀵肩殑涓浗姘戠敤鑸┖灞€鑸┖瀛︽牎锛屽悓骞?/span>9鏈堬紝鍥介槻閮ㄦ壒鍑嗭紝瀛︽牎鏇村悕涓轰腑鍥戒汉姘戣В鏀惧啗绗崄鍥涜埅绌哄鏍°€?/span>1963骞?/span>5鏈堬紝鏁欒偛閮ㄥ悜鍥藉姟闄㈡姤鍛婏紝灏嗗鏍″垪鍏ラ珮绛夊鏍″悕鍗曪紝鍚屽勾10鏈堬紝鎸変腑澶啗濮旀寚绀猴紝瀛︽牎鏇村悕涓轰腑鍥芥皯鐢ㄨ埅绌洪珮绾ц埅绌哄鏍°€?/span>1987骞?/span>12鏈?/span>,鏇村悕涓轰腑鍥芥皯鐢ㄨ埅绌洪琛屽闄€?/span>

缁忚繃杩?/span>62骞寸殑寤鸿涓庡彂灞曪紝瀛︽牎宸?/span>鎴愪负鍏ㄧ悆椋炶璁粌瑙勬ā鏈€澶с€佽兘鍔涙渶寮猴紝鍦ㄥ浗鍐呫€佸挨鍏舵槸涓栫晫姘戣埅鏈夌潃鏋侀珮褰卞搷鍔涚殑鍏ㄦ棩鍒堕珮鏍°€備腑鍥芥皯鑸?/span>90%浠ヤ笂鐨勬満闀块兘姣曚笟浜庢锛屽鏍¤瑾変负涓浗姘戣埅椋炶鍛樼殑鈥滄憞绡€濄€佷腑鍥芥皯鑸鐞嗗共閮ㄧ殑鈥滈粍鍩斺€濄€?/span>

鍔炲璧勬簮锛?/strong>

瀛︽牎浣嶄簬鎴愰兘骞冲師鐨勮吂鍦扳€斺€斿洓宸濈渷骞挎眽甯傦紝鍗犲湴17000澶氫憨锛屽缓绛戦潰绉?/span>150澶氫竾骞虫柟绫筹紝鍥哄畾璧勪骇鎬诲€艰秴杩?/span>90浜垮厓锛堜笉鍚湡鍦拌祫浜у€硷級锛屾暀瀛︿华鍣ㄨ澶囨€诲€?/span>62浜垮厓锛氱洰鍓嶏紝瀛︽牎鎷ユ湁5涓満鍦猴紝鍏朵腑鐨勬礇闃冲拰缁甸槼鏈哄満锛岄泦鑸彮淇濋殰鍜岃缁冧簬涓€浣擄紝骞存梾瀹㈠悶鍚愰噺鍧囩獊鐮?/span>100涓囦汉娆★紱瀛︽牎閰嶆湁濂栫姸銆佸寤躲€佹柊鑸?/span>600銆佽タ闂ㄨ灏斻€?/span>TB銆佽禌鏂撼-172绛?/span>14绉嶅叡262鏋跺垵銆佷腑銆侀珮绾ф暀缁冩満鍜屽寘鎷尝闊?/span>737-300銆?/span>800銆佺┖瀹?/span>320绛夊湪鍐呯殑鍏ㄩ琛屾ā鎷熸満銆佸浐瀹氭ā鎷熸満鍜岀粌涔犲櫒45鍙帮紱鏈夊悇鍨嬭埅绌哄彂鍔ㄦ満400浣欏彴锛屼互鍙婂浗鍐呴珮鏍′腑鏈€鍏堣繘鐨?/span>360搴﹀叏瑙嗘櫙濉斿彴鎸囨尌绯荤粺锛涢钘忓浘涔﹁秴杩?/span>100涓囧唽銆佺數瀛愬浘涔﹁秴杩?/span>300涓囧唽銆佸浗鍐呭鏁版嵁搴?/span>33涓紝鏄垜鍥芥皯鑸被瑙勬ā鏈€澶х殑缁煎悎鍥句功棣嗭紝骞跺缓鏈?/span>1000鍏嗘牎鍥綉銆?/span>

瀛︽牎杩樺缓鐢变腑銆佺編銆佹硶涓夊浗鍏柟鍚堜綔鍒涘姙鐨勮埅绌哄彂鍔ㄦ満缁翠慨鍩硅涓績锛屽叾鐢ㄤ簬鏁欒偛鏁欏鐨勫疄浣撳彂鍔ㄦ満锛屽崰鍥藉唴鏈洪槦閰嶅瀷鍙戝姩鏈虹殑80%宸﹀彸銆傚悓鏃讹紝瀛︽牎鏄幏缇庡浗鏈开鍏嬫柉/閲戞皬鍏徃鍜岃幈搴锋槑鍔ㄦ満銆佸ぇ闄嗗彂鍔ㄦ満绛夌煡鍚嶈埅绌轰紒涓氭巿鏉冪殑缁存姢銆佸ぇ淇腑蹇冿紝鏄腑鍥芥皯鑸巿鏉冪殑鈥?/span>ICAO鈥濋琛屽憳銆佺鍒跺憳鑻辫鈥滆€冨畼鈥濆煿璁腑蹇冦€佽€冭瘯涓績锛岃埅绌哄櫒缁翠慨鎵х収鑰冭瘯涓績銆侀琛岀娲惧憳鍩硅涓績銆佸伐绋嬫妧鏈缁冧腑蹇冿紝骞朵负涓浗姘戣埅绔嬫硶銆佸缓鏍囨彁渚涙妧鏈敮鎸佸拰鍩硅銆?/span>

涓撲笟瀛︾锛?/strong>

62骞存潵锛屽鏍″湪鐞嗐€佸伐銆佹枃銆佺銆佹硶5涓绉戦棬绫讳笅褰㈡垚浜嗕竴鎵瑰湪鍥介檯銆佸浗鍐呭拰姘戣埅鐣屾湁閲嶅ぇ褰卞搷鐨勫搧鐗屼笓涓氱兢鍜屼紭鍔垮绉戯紝鏄仈鍚堝浗閲嶇偣鎺ㄥ箍鐨勨€?/span>MPL鈥濊绋嬭瘯鐐瑰崟浣嶃€傚鏍℃湁7闂ㄥ浗瀹剁骇銆佺渷绾ч噸鐐逛笓涓氾紝鏈?/span>17闂ㄥ浗瀹剁骇鎴栫渷閮ㄧ骇绮惧搧璇剧▼銆傚叾涓紝椋炶鎶€鏈笓涓氭槸鍥藉绾т汉鎵嶅煿鍏绘ā寮忓垱鏂板疄楠屽尯锛岃埅琛屽疄楠屽涓衡€滃洓宸濈渷瀹為獙绀鸿寖涓績鈥濄€傜洰鍓嶏紝瀛︽牎寮€璁炬湁7涓澹煿鍏荤偣銆?/span>18涓煿鍏绘柟鍚戝拰7涓浗闄呭悎浣滈」鐩紙缇庡浗銆佽嫳鍥姐€佹硶鍥界瓑锛夛紝寮€璁炬湁30涓湰涓撶涓撲笟锛屾暀瀛﹀拰浜烘墠鍩瑰吇瑕嗙洊姘戠敤鑸┖杩愯緭銆侀€氱敤鑸┖鍚勪釜棰嗗煙銆?/span>

甯堣祫鍔涢噺锛?/strong>

瀛︽牎鐜版湁鏁欒亴鍛樺伐3300浜猴紝鍚勭被鏁欏笀1300浣欎汉銆傚叾涓紝鍏锋湁鐗圭骇椋炶鍛樸€佸姛鍕嬮琛屽憳銆佹暀鎺堛€佺爺绌跺憳銆佹暀鎺堥珮绾у伐绋嬪笀绛夐珮绾ц亴绉扮殑鏁欏笀400浣欎汉锛屾湁鍗氬+銆佺澹浣嶇殑涓潚骞存暀甯堝崰鏁欏笀鎬绘暟鐨?/span>75%浠ヤ笂銆備粬浠綋涓湁鍥介檯姘戣埅缁勭粐涓撳缁勬垚鍛樸€佹湁姘戣埅鐗硅仒涓撳銆佸洓宸濈渷鏈夌獊鍑鸿础鐚殑涓潚骞翠笓瀹舵暀鎺堛€佸浗鍔¢櫌鐗规畩娲ヨ创鑾峰緱鑰呫€?/span>

浜烘墠鍩瑰吇锛?/strong>

鎴2014骞达紝瀛︽牎涓轰腑鍥藉拰浜氶潪鍥藉鍩瑰吇浜?/span>10涓囧悕鍚勭被姣曚笟瀛︾敓銆傚叾涓紝鍩瑰吇鐨勬皯鑸琛屼汉鎵嶅崰涓浗姘戣埅鐜版湁椋炶鍛樻€绘暟鐨?/span>80%浠ヤ笂銆傛瘯涓氱敓涓棦鏈夊嚭浠诲浗瀹舵皯鑸眬灞€闀裤€佸壇灞€闀垮拰鑸┖闆嗗洟鎬荤粡鐞嗐€佽偂浠藉叕鍙歌懀浜嬮暱銆佸湴鍖虹鐞嗗眬灞€闀跨殑涓氱晫绮捐嫳锛屼篃鏈夐暱鏈熷湪涓€绾胯€曡€樼殑鎶€鏈骞层€傚骞翠互鏉ワ紝鎴戞牎姣曚笟鐢熷氨涓氱巼濮嬬粓灞呮皯鑸拰鍥涘窛鏅€氶珮鏍″墠鑼咃紝杩炵画澶氬勾琚腑鍥芥皯鑸拰鍥涘窛鐪佽瘎涓哄ぇ瀛︾敓灏变笟鍏堣繘鍗曚綅銆?/span>

绉戝鐮旂┒锛?/strong>

澶氬勾鏉ワ紝瀛︽牎绉戝鐮旂┒淇濇寔钃媰鍙戝睍鐨勮壇濂藉娍澶淬€傝繎5骞达紝瀛︽牎鍏堝悗鎵挎媴浜嗗寘鎷?/span>863璁″垝銆佸浗瀹惰嚜鐒剁瀛﹀熀閲戙€佸浗瀹剁ぞ浼氱瀛﹀熀閲戠瓑鍥藉绾ч」鐩?/span>33椤癸紝鑾峰浗瀹剁骇銆佺渷閮ㄧ骇绉戞妧鎴愭灉濂?/span>127椤广€傚鏍$幇鏈夊寘鎷腑鍥芥皯鑸琛屾妧鏈笌鑸┖瀹夊叏閲嶇偣绉戠爺鍩哄湴銆佷腑鍥芥暟瀛椾豢鐪熻仈鍚堝疄楠屼腑蹇冿紙涓庡窛澶ф櫤鑳滃悎浣滐級銆侀珮鍘熼琛岀爺绌舵墍鍜岃埅琛屽疄楠屽锛堝洓宸濈渷瀹為獙绀鸿寖涓績锛夌瓑鍦ㄥ唴鐨勫浗瀹跺拰鐪侀儴绾х鐮斿熀鍦?/span>(閲嶇偣瀹為獙瀹?/span>)7涓€傜瀛︾爺绌跺拰瀹為獙瀹ゅ缓璁炬寔缁姞寮猴紝涔熶负鏁欏鍜屼汉鎵嶅煿鍏昏川閲忔彁楂樻敞鍏ヤ簡娲诲姏銆備粎2014骞达紝鎴戞牎澶у鐢熷氨鍦ㄨ绠楁満杞欢銆佹暟瀛﹀缓妯°€佽埅妯°€佽嫳璇紨璁茬瓑鍏ㄥ浗鎬уぇ璧涗腑鑾峰緱涓€绛夊5椤广€佷簩绛夊7椤广€佷笁绛夊鍜屼紭绉€濂?/span>11椤广€?/span>

鍥介檯鍚堜綔涓庝氦娴侊細

鑷笂涓栫邯60骞翠唬鍒濓紝瀛︽牎寮€濮嬫帴鏀跺浗澶栧叕娲剧暀瀛︾敓浠ユ潵锛屽凡缁忓厛鍚庝负浜氭床銆侀潪娲?/span>16涓浗瀹跺拰鍦板尯鍩瑰吇浜嗚繎6000浣欏悕椋炶銆佹満鍔°€佺┖绠′汉鎵嶃€傜洰鍓嶏紝瀛︽牎涓庣編鍥姐€佹硶鍥姐€佸痉鍥姐€佽嫳鍥姐€佷縿缃楁柉绛?/span>21涓浗瀹跺拰鍦板尯鐨勬皯鑸満鏋勩€佽埅绌洪櫌鏍★紝涓庡浗闄呮皯鑸粍缁囥€佸浗闄呮皯鑸繍杈撳崗浼氥€佺編鍥借仈閭﹁埅绌哄眬锛?/span>FAA锛夈€佹娲茶仈鍚堣埅绌哄眬锛?/span>JAA锛夌瓑姘戣埅鏈烘瀯锛屼笌娉㈤煶鍏徃銆佺┖瀹㈠拰绌哄姣嶅叕鍙糕€斺€旀娲茶埅绌洪槻鍔″拰鑸ぉ闆嗗洟锛?/span>EADS锛夈€佹柉濂堝厠鐜涖€?/span>GE銆佸浗闄呰埅绌哄彂鍔ㄦ満鍏徃绛夌煡鍚嶈埅绌哄埗閫犱紒涓氬缓绔嬩簡骞挎硾鐨勪氦娴佷笌鍚堜綔鍏崇郴銆?/span>

2000骞翠互鏉ワ紝瀛︽牎鏈?/span>5000浣欏悕瀛︾敓鍓嶅線缇庡浗銆佽嫳鍥姐€佹硶鍥藉拰婢冲ぇ鍒╀簹绛夊浗瀹剁暀瀛︼紝骞舵帴鍙椾簡鏉ヨ嚜鍙嬪ソ鍥藉鐨勭暀瀛︾敓杩?/span>300鍚嶃€傚綋鍓嶏紝闀挎湡鍜岀煭鏈熷湪鏍¤瀛︾殑澶栫睄涓撳淇濇寔鍦?/span>25鍚嶅乏鍙筹紝鍚屾椂瀛︽牎姣忓勾涔熶細閫夋淳涓€瀹氭暟閲忕殑涓撳鏁欐巿鍓嶅線澧冨瀛︿範鍜岃瀛︺€佹巿璇俱€?/span>

浠婂ぉ锛屼綔涓轰腑鍥芥皯鑸珮绛夋暀鑲茬殑涓诲姏鍐?涓浗姘戠敤鑸┖椋炶瀛﹂櫌鑲╄礋鐫€鏂扮殑鍘嗗彶浣垮懡銆傚ス灏嗛€氳繃闈╂晠榧庢柊锛屽姫鍔涗娇鑷繁鎴愪负鍏锋湁涓栫晫鍏堣繘姘村钩鍜岄矞鏄庣壒鑹茬殑涓€娴佹皯鐢ㄨ埅绌哄ぇ瀛︼紝涓虹鏁欏叴鍥芥垬鐣ョ殑瀹炴柦銆佷负寤鸿姘戣埅寮哄浗鍜屾寔缁畨鍏ㄥ仛鍑烘柊鐨勬洿澶ц础鐚€?/span>

涓浗姘戠敤鑸┖椋炶瀛﹂櫌鍘嗗彶娌块潻锛?/strong>

1956骞?/span>05鏈?/span>26鏃ワ紝缁忓浗鍔¢櫌鎵瑰噯鎴愮珛锛屽畾鍚嶄负涓浗姘戠敤鑸┖灞€鑸┖瀛︽牎銆?/span>

1956骞?/span>09鏈?/span>22鏃ワ紝缁忓浗闃查儴鍚屾剰锛屾洿鍚嶄负涓浗浜烘皯瑙f斁鍐涚鍗佸洓鑸┖瀛︽牎銆?/span>

1963骞?/span>05鏈?/span>25鏃ワ紝鏁欒偛閮ㄥ悜鍥藉姟闄㈡姤鍛婏紝灏嗗鏍″垪鍏ラ珮绛夊鏍″悕鍗曘€傚悓骞?/span>10鏈堬紝鎸変腑澶啗濮旀寚绀猴紝瀛︽牎鏇村悕涓轰腑鍥芥皯鐢ㄨ埅绌洪珮绾ц埅绌哄鏍°€?/span>

1971骞?/span>05鏈?/span>19鏃ワ紝缁忎腑澶啗濮旀壒鍑嗭紝瀛︽牎鏇村悕涓轰腑鍥戒汉姘戣В鏀惧啗绗崄鍥涜埅绌哄鏍°€?/span>

1980骞?/span>10鏈?/span>11鏃ワ紝缁忓浗鍔¢櫌鎵瑰噯锛屽鏍℃洿鍚嶄负涓浗姘戠敤鑸┖椋炶涓撶瀛︽牎銆?/span>

1987骞?/span>12鏈?/span>15鏃ワ紝缁忓浗瀹舵暀濮旀壒鍑嗭紝瀛︽牎鍗囨牸骞舵洿鍚嶄负涓浗姘戠敤鑸┖椋炶瀛﹂櫌銆?/span>